Botanischer Garten Kiel

Montag, 15.04.2019 - Vortrag im Rahmen des Biologischen Kolloquiums

Botanic Gardens, more than a pretty face? How we deliver societal impact.
Ein Bild des ältesten Botanischen Gartens der Welt in Padua. Welche Aufgaben haben Botansiche Gärten heute? (Bild: Wikipedia)

15.04.2019 von 16:00 bis 17:00

Hörsaal E60, Biologiezentrum

Eintritt frei. Keine Anmeldung erforderlich.

Dr. Paul Smith (BGCI, London, Kew Gardens)
In seinem englischsprachigen Vortrag stellt Dr. Smith vor, was Botanische Gärten derzeit leisten, aber auch, auf welche Herausforderungen der Zukunft sich die Botanischen Gärten einstellen müssen.

Abstract:

Botanic gardens are established and managed for many different purposes, including for visitor attraction, public education, science and conservation. Despite their multi-functional role in society, few botanic gardens measure the impacts of their work. Instead, there is a strong tendency to measure and report on areas of activity. In fact, botanic gardens can and do have major economic, social and environmental impacts, and provide a range of essential services to their visitors, neighbours and sponsors.
For example, the economic impacts of a botanic garden to the local and national economy is measured in a number of ways, including as visitor attractions, bringing tourists and day visitors from outside the region with significant spill over spending that benefits the wider community; as employers and purchasers of goods and services; as initiators of capital investment which supports a significant volume of local economic activity, and; as organisations that enhance the aesthetic and recreational value of a neighbourhood, increasing the value of nearby properties, and local government income.
Botanic gardens also provide important social impacts, and most visitor surveys indicate that the major incentives for visitation are aesthetic and recreational with positive impacts on visitors’ mental and physical health. In addition, botanic gardens are providers of both formal and informal education to adults and millions of schoolchildren worldwide. The impacts of the social services provided by botanic gardens are hard to measure and even more difficult to monetise but it is likely that these are amongst the most valuable services to society provided by botanic gardens – particularly in urban settings where the majority of botanic gardens are situated.
Finally, botanic gardens can have positive impacts on the environment by influencing visitors in the way they interact with nature. Botanic gardens can also have a direct impact on plants and the environment by deploying their specialist skills in science and horticulture, and through the collections and landscapes themselves. It is estimated that the botanic garden professional community includes some 60,000 horticulturists and scientists who manage and study plants across the taxonomic spectrum. Where botanic gardens differ substantially from museums, is in holding diverse collections of living plants in their landscapes and seed banks. They conserve or cultivate at least a third of all known vascular plant diversity and more than 40% of threatened plant species – including many species that are extinct in the wild. This living material opens up a wide range of possibilities for conservation and use, including prevention of extinction, species reintroductions, ecological restoration and scientific investigations into a wide range of uses, encompassing agriculture, horticulture, forestry and biotechnology.

 

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